Malignant tumors of the oral cavity and throat are not only life-threatening but these adversely affect the quality of life for the affected individuals. Aggressive chemotherapy and radiation treatments destroy large number of normal cells in addition to cancerous cells. Devastating side effects remain with the patient throughout life. Conventional diagnostic modalities are satisfactory but these provide little help to diagnose and specify the disease at molecular levels. Rapidly dividing tumor cells can be identified with the latest molecular imaging techniques and armamentarium.
Early diagnosis and prevention is the key to prevent the spread of oral and throat cancers in addition to carry less invasive treatment procedures. Molecular imaging techniques in the form of CT scans, CBCT scans and PET scans have evolved in the past decade which can help to achieve timely prevention and targeted specific destruction of tumors. This can save a number of debilitating adverse effects of radiation and chemotherapy as well. Collateral damage of normal healthy body cells can be minimized.
This article describes such latest imaging techniques to carry out preventive and therapeutic treatment procedures and will guide you towards their importance.
The approach allows for a reduction in radiation and chemotherapy and the debilitating side effects that accompany them. Standard radiation and chemotherapy treatment can spare, or extend, a patient’s life, but they often leave behind pain andA better way to diagnose and treat cancer
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